The Neanderthals Rediscovered: How Modern Science is Rewriting Their Story, by Papagianni and Morse, is a long awaited revaluation of Neanderthals and their place in the evolving story of the genus homo.
Despite the theory of evolution, which stresses that adaptions to the environment which contribute to the success of a species are random and accidents, the study of early humans has been plagued by the still dominate notion of the seeming inevitability of the success of homo sapiens.
In Neanderthals Rediscovered the authors go to great length to disprove this notion. In fact, they muddle the picture of human evolution considerably, presenting it as far more complicated as is popularly known. Even the dividing line between homo sapiens and other hominids is blurred.
This book shows that the more we learn about human origins, the more complex the picture becomes. This is in keeping with our zeitgeist of diversity. This is how we see the world: as a complex interaction of natural and social elements; a world that is not hierarchical in any strict sense.